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December 2016 current affairs ebook, Audio Book Download
The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) expects that the growth rate for 2016-17 would be 7.1% as against its previous forecast of 7.6%. The new forecast thus [...]
60 Words of Human Behaviour, Audio Download
1. Epicurean. a person who loves the refinements of pleasure and believes that pleasure is the chief good. 2. Stoic. a person who is unmoved by joy or [...]
Vocabulary Based on Colours (71 words), Audio Download
1. BLACK AND BLUE. Discoloured from coagulation of blood below the surface of the skin. 2. BLACK AND WHITE. A)print or in writing. B)explicit, unmistakable [...]
Most Important One Word Substitution Part 1, Audio Download
Download audio ( important vocabulary for ssc cgl/ chsl /graduate level /words list for exam/ one word substitution) 1. Audience – a number of people [...]
Vedic Age, Ancient History Audio Download
Duration: 1500 BC to 500 BC The Vedic Period or the Vedic Age refers to that time period when the Vedic Sanskrit texts were composed in India. The society [...]
Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant, Audio Download
  Childhood & Early Life Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant was born on 10 September 1887, in a village called Khoont near Almora. He was born in a [...]
Scalar and Vector Quantities, Audio Download
What is Scalar Quantity? Scalar quantities are the measurements that strictly refer to the magnitude of the medium. There are absolutely no directional [...]
All About Indira Gandhi, Audio Notes Download
Early life and career Indira Gandhi was born Indira Nehru in a Kashmiri Pandit family on 19 November 1917 in Allahabad. Her father, Jawaharlal Nehru, was a [...]
Newton’s Third Law of Motion, Audio Download
A force is a push or a pull that acts upon an object as a results of its interaction with another object. Forces result from interactions! According to [...]
Money Bill and Ordinance, Audio Download
What is Money Bill? Bills which exclusively contain provisions for imposition and abolition of taxes, for appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated [...]
Lawmaking procedure in India, Audio Download
Constituent power of Parliament The process of addition, variation or repeal of any part of the constitution by the Parliament under its constituent [...]
Federalism in India, Audio Download
Article 1 of the constitution declares that India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. Part  11 of the Indian constitution defines the power [...]
What are human rights, Audio Download
What are human rights? Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, [...]
Fundamental Rights in India, Audio Download
Fundamental rights in India Fundamental Rights is a charter of rights contained in Part 3 of Constitution of India. It guarantees civil liberties such that [...]
Manures and Fertilizers, Audio Download
Manures and Fertilizers Plants need nutrients for healthy growth. These nutrients are available to plants through water-soluble minerals from the ground. [...]
Types of Farming in India, Audio Download
1. Subsistence Farming The Majority of farmers in India practices subsistence farming. This means farming for own consumption. In other words, the entire [...]
Indian agriculture, Audio Download
India’s agriculture is composed of many crops, with the foremost food staples being rice and wheat. Indian farmers also grow pulses, potatoes, [...]
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Audio Download
Bal Gangadhar Tilak or Lokmanya Tilak, was born on 23 July 1856 as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak, he was an Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer [...]
What is Demonetization, Audio Download
What is Demonetization? Demonetization is the act of stripping a currency unit of its status as legal tender. The old unit of currency must be retired and [...]
Charter Act 1853, Audio Download
This was framed on the basis of reports made by the select committees of enquiry in 1852. Raja Ram Roy Mohan Roy England visit and petitions of Bombay [...]
Charter Act 1833, Audio Download
The Saint Helena Act 1833 or The Government of India Act 1833 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. As this Act was also intended to provide [...]
Pitts India Act 1784, Audio Download
The Pitts India Act of 1784 somewhat amended at various times, established the system of dual control of India by the government of Great Britain and the [...]
Regulating Act 1773, Audio Download
The Regulating Act of 1773 was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain intended to overhaul the management of the East India Company’s rule in [...]
Preamble of India, Audio Download
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its [...]
living aur nonliving things, Audio Download
In our daily lives, we come across both living and non-living things. Usually we can easily differentiate between them, but there are also times when it is [...]
Animal and Plant cell, Audio Notes
Animal cell All animals are mutlicellular. Human body contains trillions of cells. All animal cells are eukaryotic, they are surrounded by cell membrane [...]
One Word Substitution Starting With, F, Audio Download
Facet – Any of the many flat sides of a cut jewel. Faeces – The solid waste material passed from the bowels. Fallacy – A false idea or [...]
Development of Evolutionary Theory, Audio Download
Biology came of age as a science when Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species. But, the idea of evolution wasn’t new to Darwin. Lamarck [...]
Cell, Types of cells, Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell, Audio Download
The basic unit of structure and function in living organisms is the cell. Cells are very minute. While some organisms are very simple, containing a single [...]
One Word Subtitution Starting With, E, Audio Download
Eagle-eyed – Looking with very keen attention and noticing small details. Eaves – The edges of a roof which come out beyond the walls. Eddy [...]
Renewable Energy Resources, Audio Download
Renewable energy is generally defined as energy that is collected from resources which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, such as sunlight, [...]
What is Non Renewable Resource, Audio Mp3 Download
A non-renewable resource (also called a finite resource) is a resource that does not renew itself at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction [...]
One Word Substitution Starting with, D, Audio Download
Daredevil – One who is prepared to take dangerous risks. D-day – A day on which an important operation is to begin. Debacle – A sudden [...]
Newton Second Law, Audio Download
Second law defines a force to be equal to the change in momentum with a change in time. Momentum is defined to be the mass m of an object times its [...]
Newtons first law, audio mp3 download
Newton’s first law The first law states that if the net force (the vector sum of all forces acting on an object) is zero, then the velocity of the [...]
One Word Substitution Starting with C, Audio Download
Cabal – A small group of people who make secret plans for political action. Calligraphy – The art of beautiful writing by hand. Canine – [...]
One word Substitution Starting with B, Audio Download
Backlog – It means an accumulation of arrears. Backwater – A part of a river out of the main stream, where the water does not move. Barbarian [...]
Mahatma Gandhi, Audio Download
Early Life Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 to a Hindu Modh Baniya family in Porbandar (also known as Sudamapuri), a coastal town on [...]
November 2016 Current Affairs, Audio Download
According to the All India State/Union Territory-wise Ease of Doing Business rankings for year 2016, as announced by the Commerce and Industry Ministry on [...]
One Word Substitution, Starting With “A”, Audio Download Abdicate – Renounce a throne or high office. Abolish – Do away with. Accelerate – Move faster. Accomplice – One associated with another especially in wrong-doing. Acoustics – Science of the production, transmission, reception and effects of sound. Acrobat – One who performs gymnastic feats. Adolescence – The period of life from puberty to maturity. Actuary – […]
What is Motion, Audio Download What is Motion? Motion is an extremely important concept in this area of physics, being a prominent idea throughout many basic and advanced topics in this field of science. There are three types of motion: translational, oscillatory and rotational. In translational motion, a change in location occurs while in oscillatory motion, an object is moving […]
What is Force, Audio Mp3 Download Definitions for Force: 1) Force is a push or pull 2) Force is the capacity to do work or cause physical change 3) Force= Mass times acceleration (F = ma) 4) A force is that which changes or tends to change the state of rest or motion of a body. Examples: For simplicity sake, all […]
International Date Line, Time Measurement and Time Zones, Audio The two natural cycles on which time measurements are based are the year and the day. The year is defined as the time required for Earth to complete one revolution around the Sun, while the day is the time required for Earth to complete one turn upon its axis. Earth needs 365 days plus about […]
The Earth and the Moon, Audio Download Earth’s moon is the only place beyond Earth where humans have set foot. The brightest and largest object in our night sky, the moon makes Earth a more livable planet by moderating our home planet’s wobble on its axis, leading to a relatively stable climate. It also causes tides, creating a rhythm that has guided […]
Inclination of the Earth’s axis and its effects, Audio Download Earth’s Axis This is what is known axial tilt, where a planet’s vertical axis is tilted a certain degree towards the ecliptic of the object it orbits (in this case, the Sun). Such a tilt results in there being a difference in how much sunlight reaches a given point on the surface during the course […]
Motions of the Earth and their Effects, Audio Download Motions of the Earth The Earth is constantly in motion, revolving around the Sun and rotating on its axis. These motions account for many of the phenomenon we see as normal occurrences: night and day, changing of the seasons, and different climates in different regions. With a globe ball properly mounted and rotating on its […]
Origin Of Earth, Audio Download The Origin of Earth concerns the development of the planet Earth from its formation to the present day. Nearly all branches of natural science have contributed to the understanding of the main events of the Earth’s past. The age of Earth is approximately one-third of the age of the universe. An immense amount of geological change has […]
Air pollution in India, Audio Download Air pollution in India is quite a serious issue with the major sources being fuel wood and biomass burning, fuel adulteration, vehicle emission and traffic congestion. In autumn and winter months, large scale crop residue burning in agriculture fields – a low cost alternative to mechanical tilling – is a major source of smoke, smog and […]
Natural Disasters in India, Audio Download Climate-related natural disasters cause massive losses of Indian life and property. Droughts, flash floods, cyclones, avalanches, landslides brought on by torrential rains, and snowstorms pose the greatest threats. Other dangers include frequent summer dust storms, which usually track from north to south; they cause extensive property damage in North India and deposit large amounts of […]
Our Solar System, Audio Download 1. Solar System Solar System In broad terms the Solar System consist of the Sun Four terrestrial inner planets An asteroid belt composed of small rocky bodies and comets Four gas giant outer planets Major features of the Solar System; sizes and distances not to scale. Pluto, Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter, the asteroid belt, the Sun, […]
Climate of India, Audio Download India is home to an extraordinary variety of climatic regions, ranging from tropical in the south to temperate and alpine in the Himalayan north, where elevated regions receive sustained winter snowfall. The nation’s climate is strongly influenced by the Himalayas and the Thar Desert. 1. Tropical wet A tropical rainy climate governs regions persistent to […]
Islands of India, Audio Download The Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are India’s two major island formations and are classified as union territories. The Lakshadweep Islands lie 200 to 300 km (120 to 190 mi) off the coast of Kerala in the Arabian sea with an area of 32 km2 (12 sq mi). They consist of twelve atolls, three reefs, and five submerged […]
Water Bodies of India, River Systems, Audio Mp3 Download India has around 14,500 km of inland navigable waterways. There are twelve rivers which are classified as major rivers, with the total catchment area exceeding 2,528,000 km .All major rivers of India originate from one of the three main watersheds: The Himalaya and the Karakoram ranges Vindhya and Satpura range in central India Sahyadri or Western Ghats in western […]
Seasons of India, audio mp3 download Seasons The India Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four climatological seasons:Winter, Summer or pre-monsoon season, Monsoon or rainy season and Post-monsoon or autumn season. Winter, occurring from December to March. The year’s coldest months are December and January, when temperatures average around 10 to 15 °C (50 to 59 °F) in the northwest; temperatures rise as one proceeds towards the equator, […]
Chola dynasty- Origins, History, Administration and Society, Government, Economy- Mp3 Download The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India. The earliest datable references to this Tamil dynasty are in inscriptions from the 3rd century BCE left by Ashoka, of the Maurya Empire. As one of the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam, the dynasty continued to govern over varying territory […]
Pandyan dynasty Etymology, Mythology, Epigraphy, Sangam literature Audio Mp3 Download The Pandyan or Pandiyan or Pandian dynasty was an ancient Tamil dynasty, one of the three Tamil dynasties, the other two being the Chola and the Chera. The Pandya King, along with Chera King and Chola King, were referred to as the Three Crowned Kings of Tamilakam.The dynasty ruled parts of South India from around […]
Poverty Types, Measurement, India, Poverty Gap Index Audio Mp3 Download Definition The World Bank defines poverty in absolute terms. The bank defines extreme poverty as living on less than USD1.25 per day , and moderate poverty as less than US Dollar 2 a day. It has been estimated that in 2008, 1.4 billion people had consumption levels below USD1.25 a day and 2.7 billion lived […]
Economic Development, types, goals, growth and development, Audio Download Economic development is the process by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people. The term has been used frequently by economists, politicians, and others in the 20th century. The concept, however, has been in existence in the West for centuries. Modernization, Westernization, and especially Industrialization are other terms people […]
Types of Economic Systems- Mp3 Download There are four different types of Economic Systems have evolved as different societies have placed different emphasis on different goals and priorities in their efforts to answer the three Key Economic Question. 1. Traditional Economy Traditional economy is an original economic system in which traditions, customs, and beliefs help shape the goods and the services […]
What is Mixed Economy, Audio Mp3 Download What is Mixed economy? Mixed economy is an economic system in which both the state and private sector direct the economy, reflecting characteristics of both market economies and planned economies. Most mixed economies can be described as market economies with strong regulatory oversight. The basic plan of the mixed economy is that the means of […]
Prehistoric Period – Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic age
Palaeolithic Age(indian history in english audio) The Palaeolithic Age in India is divided into three phases in accordance with the type of stone tools [...]
Sources of ancient Indian history- Mp3 Download Literary sources of Ancient Indian History: The ancient literature and the religious books are important sources of information for the reconstruction of ancient Indian history. Their classification is simple – religious and secular literature, historical literature and foreign accounts. Listen in detail in this Audio (audio duration 09:42 minutes)- Religious Literary Sources of Ancient Indian History The […]
India: Physical Features- Audio Mp3 Download Listen in detail in this Audio (audio duration 16:49 minutes)- India has three distinct physical divisions. The northern boundaries of India are provided by the lofty ranges of the Himalayas, which run almost in a wall-like shape from north-west to north-east. India has the Great Plains of northern India formed by the basins of three mighty river systems […]
Harappan Civilization- Origin and Evolution, Important Centres, Major Characteristics The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation (3300–1300 BC; mature period 2600–1900 BC) mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. Along with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of three early civilisations of the Old World, and of the […]